Workplace violence and mental health of mine workers in northwest province: A mediation study

Full Name: 
Dr Mikateko Mabunda
Abstract: 

Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the dynamics of workplace violence, and the mediating roles of emotional intelligence personality traits on mental health of mine workers in Northwest Province (NW), South Africa. The study also assessed the influence of selected demographic variables (ethnic group affiliation, economic status, educational level, job position, gender, and place of residence) on mental health of mine workers.

Method: The study used a cross-sectional quantitative survey design. One thousand five hundred and eighty three mine workers were purposively drawn from nine mine industries in Northwest province with age ranged from 19 to 62 years (median age = 35 years; SD = 9.48 years). Pearson Moment Correlation Coefficients, independent t-test, one-way ANOVA, and Structural Equation Modelling were used to test the stated hypotheses. Results:

The results revealed that workplace bullying was significantly and positively correlated with mental health (r = .16, p < .01), workplace harassment with mental health (r = .26, p < .01), conscientiousness with mental health (r = .13, p < .01), neuroticism with mental health (r = .13, p < .01), and age with mental health (r = .19, p < .01) respectively.

Also, workplace aggression was significantly and negatively related with mental health (r = -.12, p < .01), emotional intelligence was significantly and negatively related with mental health (r = -.31, p < .01), openness to experience was significantly and negatively related with mental health (r = -.07, p < .01), extroversion was significantly and negatively related with mental health respectively. The results further indicated that workplace bullying was significantly and positively correlated with workplace harassment (r = .83, p < .01), and conscientiousness (r = .18, p < .01) respectively. In contrast, workplace bullying was significantly and negatively related with workplace aggression (r = -.53, p < .01), emotional intelligence (r = -.07, p < .01), extroversion (r = -.08, p < .01), and age (r = -.07, p < .01), respectively.

The results also showed that workplace harassment was significantly and negatively correlated with workplace aggression (r = -.64, p < .01), emotional intelligence (r = -.14, p < .01), and extroversion (r = -.09, p < .01), respectively. Also, workplace harassment was significantly and positively related with conscientiousness (r =.08, p < .01). Workplace aggression was significantly and positively related with emotional intelligence (r = .06, p < .01) and extroversion (r = .06, p < .01), respectively. In contrast, workplace aggression was significantly and negatively correlated with conscientiousness (r = -.05, p < .01), respectively.

Emotional intelligence was significantly and positively related with openness to experience (r = .47, p < .01), conscientiousness (r = .11, p < .01), extroversion (r = .43, p < .01), agreeableness (r = .43, p < .01), neuroticism (r = .18, p < .01), respectively. There was a significant negative relationship between emotional intelligence and age (r = -.12, p < .01). 

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