Teenage pregnancy is noted as one of the key development challenges in sub-Saharan Africa and globally due to its adverse social, health and demographic consequences. An avalanche of studies has emerged to identify the predictors of teenage pregnancy in South Africa which indicate a persistently high prevalence of teenage pregnancy.
Gauteng Doctoral School
This research provides an ethnomethodologically-informed, conversation-analytic study of the social organisation of experience in talk about incidents involving deaths of children. Child mortality is widely used as an indicator of population health and development. However, studies have demonstrated that childhood is a relatively recent historical construct.
This political ecology driven study considers the accusation of rural people as ecological disrupters in the face of energy poverty as flawed and misinformed. What is not appreciated is that energy poverty is not a natural phenomenon. The contribution of this study lies in locating the effect of power relations on the rural electrification processes (where power presents itself in the form of neoliberalism).
In this thesis I examine the extent of legal protection afforded peasants’ and pastoralists’ secure of land tenure in post-1991 Ethiopia. To this end, I analyse constitutions, laws, policy documents, judicial decisions, constitutional interpretations as well as the literature, critically. The prevailing premise in academic discourse is that land tenure security is realized when the landholder is granted an adequate number of rights in land; with longer duration; deprivation of land rights for greater societal interest occurs only in terms of due process of law and upon payment of adequate compensation; enforcement of land rights through an independent judiciary is affordable, and there is participatory and low-cost registration and certification of rights.
Public infrastructure is believed to be important to economic growth through its role as a complementary production factor or an additional input of production. Investigation of the growth effects of infrastructure has been one of the favourable areas in academic and policy circles. Despite increased attention received in the literature on the infrastructure-growth relationship, there still exist important research gaps in the areas such as aggregate infrastructure-growth nexus, direction of infrastructure-growth causality, electricity growth effects in presence of energy-related CO2 emissions, and spatial spillovers of infrastructure investment.
South Africa’s post-1994 leadership in multilateral forums and its efforts to be a bridgebuilder and norm-entrepreneur in the international arena, have earned it the label of middle power. The label itself is contentious, as there is no commonly accepted definition of middle powers and there is disagreement about whether the label applies to South Africa.
Low literacy levels have been argued to partially contribute to poor health literacy and poor health outcomes. Low health literacy refers to the inability to apply health information in pursuit of good health. While several strategies have been used to assist persons with low literacy to understand health information, these strategies have been focused primarily on improving medication taking in persons with low literacy.
This study centrally argues that despite the numerous challenges that Malawian migrants face in South Africa, especially in the post-1990 period, a majority of them are able to improve their households and communities in Malawi using proceeds from their wage employment in South Africa. International labour migration from Malawi to South Africa dates back to the late nineteenth century. However, previous scholars have focused on the period up to the 1970s and 1980s when labour migration was both formal and informal. This comprehensive study plays a complementary and supplementary role by focusing on the nature of informal migration from the 1970s onwards where academic research in Malawi is still in its infancy.
The standard competition economics literature on cartels has focused on their harmful effects in terms of prices and output, without extensive consideration of their intra-regional dimensions, the influence of political economy factors, and the implications of cartels that are put in place for industrial development purposes.
Natural Resources (NRs) across sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) have been managed from centralised systems, and this has resulted in massive marginalisation and disenfranchisement of poor rural communities. However, there is now a shift in policy interventions towards adopting pro-community approaches in resources’ management.