‘The mind-body problem’ is the problem of how to understand conscious awareness within a world made up of physical things. But I argue that any view according to which it is meaningful to use different terms to refer to ‘the mind’ and ‘the body’ must be a dualist view; and that dualism is not a satisfactory metaphysical position. A strong case can be made for the claim that even those who profess to be opposed to dualism can often still be described as ‘closet’ dualists.
University of Johannesburg
Across time and place, housing has always been a basic human need that is essential for individuals, families and communities to realise their full potential. Thus, the housing discourse and practice, particularly in post-apartheid South Africa is inseparable from the struggles for human rights and social development. Despite efforts by the post-apartheid government to deliver houses at scale, the implementation processes have been criticised for lacking a pro-poor, participatory developmental focus.