Muslim religious leaders are commonly accused of adopting a conservative interpretation of Islam that guides the way in which they counsel married women on their rights to divorce and how they should address violence in the marital context. They have also been viewed as favouring male-dominant positions, protecting abusive husbands and adopting a reconciliation-at-all-cost approach.
University of Johannesburg
The secession of South Sudan from Sudan in 2011, after a protracted and seemingly intractable conflict which started in 1955 on the eve of the county’s independence from colonial rule; presents a pertinent question on whether secession should be considered as a viable and sustainable strategy for resolving conflicts with ethnic and religious dimensions.
This political ecology driven study considers the accusation of rural people as ecological disrupters in the face of energy poverty as flawed and misinformed. What is not appreciated is that energy poverty is not a natural phenomenon. The contribution of this study lies in locating the effect of power relations on the rural electrification processes (where power presents itself in the form of neoliberalism).
The standard competition economics literature on cartels has focused on their harmful effects in terms of prices and output, without extensive consideration of their intra-regional dimensions, the influence of political economy factors, and the implications of cartels that are put in place for industrial development purposes.
The Ahmadi movement is one of the most controversial modern Muslim movements primarily for the reason of their unorthodox belief in the continuation of prophecy after the Prophet Muhammad and/or the belief that Mirza Ghulam Ahmad was the fulfilment of the prophecy relating to the coming of a messiah and the return of Jesus.
Cash transfer programmes (CTPs) to support the care of children have become a popular social protection mechanism across the developing world over the last 20 years. While they have demonstrably alleviated child and household poverty, their impacts on gender relations are contested.
Anti-natalism is the view that it is (almost) always wrong to bring people into existence. This view is most famously defended by David Benatar. I attempt to answer the following question in this thesis: If we are to take the badness of extinction seriously, are there conditions under which procreation may still be permissible, despite the fact that it (currently) involves the creation of beings who will suffer—conditions Benatar and other anti-natalists have either overlooked or under-explored?
This study investigates the multilingual profiles of recently arrived migrants to Windhoek, Namibia, and to the author’s knowledge, the study is one of very few to reflect on the relation between language and migration in Namibia from a sociolinguistic perspective. The research questions relate first to the vitality of multilingualism in an African urban space in that it surveys more than 400 respondents regarding their linguistic repertoires and language biographies.
In theory, all of South Africa’s 11 official languages are equal. But in reality, English has consolidated its position at the expense of the other 10. It remains the only language spoken across all ethnic groups in South Africa. English’s dominance as both a source and relay language has not only underdeveloped African languages but has also facilitated the emergence of a systematic yet lopsided translation culture.
Following the implementation of National Water Resources Strategy (NWRS) as a framework to protect water resources, the Department of Water and Sanitation (DWS) shifted from NWRS-I of 2004) decentralising water resources management in 2013 thus launching NWRS-II. In the latter arrangement, Catchment Management Agencies (CMAs) were used to transform the water sector that under apartheid regime, notoriously advance hydraulic mission and water allocation prioritising white commercial farmers and industries.